Duodenal atresia is the congenital absence or complete closure of a portion of the lumen of the duodenum. It causes increased levels of amniotic fluid during. Duodenal atresia or stenosis is a rare congenital digestive disorder that usually occurs for no apparent reason (sporadically). However, a few. A collection of disease information resources and questions answered by our Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Specialists for Duodenal atresia.

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Related Disorders Symptoms of the following disorders can be similar to those of duodenal atresia or stenosis. Other investigations may be necessary after the baby is born.

Duodenal atresia

This is called a transanastomotic xtresia TAT. This is a procedure in which there is a surgical creation of a connection between the stomach and jejunum bypassing the obstruction. If your baby has a bilious vomit or a distended abdomen medical advice should be sought. The development of forceful vomiting projectile immediately after eating or when the stomach is filled is one of the first symptoms.

Long lines and central lines. Associated abnormalities have been found in duoxenum infants with duodenal atresia or duodenal stenosis. External links Down syndrome information. Duodenal atresia is the congenital absence or complete closure of a portion of the lumen of the duodenum. Pyloric stenosis Hiatus hernia. Bilious vomiting commonly occurs within the first day of life. The risk is the same for each pregnancy. The duodenum is the first portion of small intestine after the stomach that has many connections to and shares blood vessels with other organs such as the liver, gallbladder, and duodnum.


Duodenal Atresia

The risk of transmitting the disease to the children of a couple, both of whom are carriers for a recessive disorder, is 25 percent. The neonatologists, specialized doctors for high risk babies, will immediately assess your baby and begin appropriate treatment, if necessary.

Following discharge your baby will be seen in the outpatients department by members of the surgical team, where help and advice will be available to you. Bowel function may occur in days to weeks. adwlah

The potential immediate complications after surgery include leaking from the repaired bowel connections, bleeding, and infection inside the abdomen and wound. Annular pancreas Accessory pancreas Johanson—Blizzard syndrome Pancreas divisum. This abnormality causes a portion of the small intestine the jejunal to twist around one of the arteries of the atrfsia.

Afterwards, he or she will be taken to the neonatal intensive care unit. Treatment includes suctioning out duoeenum fluid that is trapped in the stomach, providing fluids intravenously, and surgical repair of the intestinal closure. Laparoscopic duodenoduodenostomy for duodenal atresia.

However some babies will need drip feeds parenteral dukdenum through a long line. Duodenal atresia can be associated with other abnormalities. Multiple intestinal atresia is a rare disorder in which there are multiple areas of the intestines with an absence duodenkm a normal opening or space.


Atresias occurring distal to the duodenum are usually caused by vascular accidents or ischemic insult, such as jejunoileal atresia. When the atresia is located in the first part of the duodenum, a gastrojejunostomy may be the treatment of choice.

Duodenal atresia – Wikipedia

Duodenal atresia occurs between 1 in 1, and 1 in 5, live births. The diagnosis of duodenal atresia is usually confirmed by radiography. Views Read Edit View history.

Calkins CM, Karrer F. Once bowel function returns, it will take a period of time before he aalah she can handle enough formula or breast milk to provide full nutrition.

On average, it takes approximately two to three weeks before the intestinal tract functions fully.

The defect in the duodenum may be located in the area where the pancreatic and bile ducts join as they open into the first part of the small intestines ampulla of Vater, or in the portion of the duodenum furthest from the opening of the ampulla of Vater. To contact Children’s Memorial Hermann Hospital, please fill out the form below.

Duodenal atresia or stenosis is a rare disorder that occurs in approximately 1 of 7, dukdenum births to 1 of 40, live births.