Abstract. This paper reviews the state of the art of Object-Oriented Database Management. Systems (OODBMS). The objective of this paper is to provide the. Some basic questions about OODBMS architecture: Do all OODBMS systems have a common set of underlying principles? (In the same way as relational DBMS. Douglas K Barry is also the author of a book that explains Web Services, service- oriented architecture, and Cloud Computing in an easy-to-understand.

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They rarely perform well when called upon to deal with ad hoc query environments or applications requiring significant use of traditional data such as numbers and character strings.

Database operations typically involve obtaining a database root from the the OODBMS which is usually a data structure like a graph, vector, hash table, or set and traversing it to obtain objects to create, update or delete from the database.

In contrast, SQL the so-called intergalactic dataspeak allows implementations of relational database management systems to shield largely, if incompletely application programmers from their internal models and to provide an interface to the data they manage that is significantly like the interface provided by other SQL products. Without a common model or a common language, knowledge gained rachitecture using one system cannot readily be applied to a different system.

The “impedance mismatch” caused by having to map objects to tables and vice versa has long been accepted as a necessary performance penalty. ShareableDocuments are not saved unless explicitly specified by oodms user or when a user closes a document.

Why Aren’t You Using An Object Oriented Database Management System?

SQL products are designed to deal with traditional data. Douglas K Barry is also the author of a book architecure explains Web Services, service-oriented architecture, and Cloud Computing in an easy-to-understand, non-technical manner. More on enterprise architectures using Java application servers. A relation or table in a relational database can be considered to be analogous to a class in an object database. Yes, that’s only a handful of commands beyond Java.


You could buy an SQL product and a separate OODBMS product and write your applications to use the first for traditional data the the other for objects, using a third product — a transaction monitor — to ensure that transactional semantics are applied to updates that invoke both products. A column in a tuple is similar to a class attribute except that a column can hold only primitive data types while a class attribute can hold data of any type. This option may be attractive under certain circumstances, principally because an OODBMS could have semantics that are close to those of Java, making it relative easy to store, retrieve, and manage objects instead of rows of data.

A tuple is similar to an instance of a class but is different in that it has attributes but no behaviors. Another way to look at this is to use an analogy. This paper is aimed at seeking out an alternative that avoids this penalty.

OIDs make storing references to other objects in the database simpler but may cause referential intergrity problems if an object is deleted while other objects still have references to its OID.

It is an essential requirement of the application that the contents of the file must always be kept consistent with the actions of users.

Among products that are SQL-based and have integrated object support, the fastest growing approach to delivering that support is to integrate Java with the database engine in some fashion, which of course, is what this book is primarily about.

More on the general topic: This is also true of many object-relational mapping products. The first problem is that, in spite of the existence of a nominal standard for OODBMSs, the reality is that the products available today implement very little of that standard, and no two products implement the same bits.

Why Use SQL Instead of an OODBMS?

Or, for that matter, try pounding in a nail with a screwdriver. Saves are simply requests to the server to persist its in memory copy of the document which is more efficient than sending the whole document to the server. From arcchitecture aforementioned description, an OODBMS should be able to store objects that are nearly indistinguishable from the architectjre of objects supported by the target programming language with as little limitation as possible.

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In this way, training on one product oodbm be meaningful when working with a different product. Compare the size of the code in both examples.

The normal rules of inheritance should apply with all their benefits including polymorphism, overridding inherited methods and dynamic binding. Also if there is a network outage or similar error then the user cannot edit the document. Finally classes have methods which are computationally complete meaning that general purpose control and computational structures are provided [McF 99] while relational databases typically do not have computationally complete programming capabilities although some stored procedure languages come close.

ODBMSs, on the other hand, are good when you have a business need for high performance on complex okdbms.

Below, in italics, you can find their discussion of this question. Managers at all levels of all organizations must be aware of both the changes that we are now seeing and ways to deal with architectyre created by those changes. For an example that shows transparent persistent access to an RDBMS requiring only 25 percent of the code needed compared to using JDBC, see transparent persistence vs.

Do you always use the same tool for different uses? A third problem is perhaps more subtle. ODBMS and object-relational mapping products both use transparent persistence.

They are also called “object-oriented database systems.

A hammer is a hard way to drive in a screw! OIDs are permanent, system generated and not based on any of the member data within the object.